As with all JSWP workshops, the focus starts with the body paragraphs, then shifts to the essay as a whole. Four argumentation layouts provide differentiation for On-Level, SPED, ELL, G/T, Honors, and AP®/IB students with a special section on the ACT®. In addition, instruction on classical elements, such as audience, purpose, and occasion and Aristotle’s artistic proofs (ethos, logos, and pathos) provide insight on how orators and writers create a unique voice and style. The JSWP shaping sheet helps students to edit and revise their drafts to explore grammatical areas of strength and weakness and to create a variety of sentence types, openings, and lengths prior to producing a final draft.
A two-day workshop allows teachers time to practice a synthesis type question where participants select multiple sources to defend a thesis while acknowledging the validity of others’ perspectives. Teachers have more time to ask questions relative to situations that arise in the classroom; to produce prompts that coincide with a district’s or campus’ scope and sequence; design a model to be implemented during the introduction of argumentation to students; and discuss problem areas and research techniques.